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Phonics and Early Reading at Hollinhey

Phonics

We stream children for phonics according to which stage of phonic development the children are at. Children are taught in ability groups dependent on their needs in groups led by teachers and classroom assistants. Phonics is taught daily at a dedicated time for both Foundation Stage and Key Stage 1, using Letters and Sounds, Jolly Phonics and a scheme called LCP Phonics resource file. Lessons consist of activities and games which are fast paced, interactive and fun, in the classroom, in the playground, on the interactive whiteboard, where children use teach, practice, apply and revisit method in a specified order according to each phase of development.

Phase 1

Phase One of ‘Letters and Sounds’ concentrates on developing children's speaking and listening skills and lays the foundations for the phonic work which starts in Phase 2. The emphasis during Phase 1 is to get children attuned to the sounds around them and ready to begin developing oral blending and segmenting skills.

Each aspect contains three strands:

  • Tuning in to sounds (auditory discrimination)
  • Listening and remembering sounds (auditory memory and sequencing)
  • Talking about sounds (developing vocabulary and language comprehension)

 

Phase 2

In Phase 2, letters and their sounds are introduced one at a time. A set of letters is taught each week, in the following sequence:

Set 1: s, a, t, p           Set 2: i, n, m, d          Set 3: g, o, c, k

Set 4: ck, e, u, r         Set 5: h, b, f, ff, l, ll, ss

The children will begin to learn to blend and segment to help begin reading and spelling.  This will begin with simple words.

 

Phase 3

By the time children reach Phase 3, they will already be able to blend and segment words containing the 19 letters taught in Phase 2. Over the twelve weeks which Phase 3 is expected to last, twenty-five new graphemes are introduced (one at a time).

Set 6: j, v, w, x       Set 7: y, z, zz, qu

Consonant digraphs: ch, sh, th, ng     Vowel digraphs: ai, ee, igh, oa, oo, ar, or, ur, ow, oi, ear, air, ure, er

Phase 4

By Phase 4, children will be able to represent each of 42 phonemes with a grapheme.  They will blend phonemes to read CVC words and segment CVC words for spelling.  They will also be able to read two syllable words that are simple.  They will be able to read all the tricky words learnt so far and will be able to spell some of them. This phase consolidates all the children have learnt in the previous phases

Phase 5

Children will be taught new graphemes and alternative pronunciations for these graphemes, as well as graphemes they already know.  They will begin to learn to choose the appropriate grapheme when spelling.

New graphemes for reading:

Sound

Word example

 

Sound

Word example

 

Sound

Word example

 

Sound

Word example

ay

day

 

oy

boy

 

wh

when

 

a_e

make

ou

out

 

ir

girl

 

ph

photo

 

e_e

these

ie

tie

 

ue

blue

 

ew

new

 

i_e

like

ea

eat

 

aw

saw

 

oe

toe

 

o_e

home

 

au

Paul

 

u_e

rule

 

Phase 6

In phase 6, the focus is on learning spelling rules for word endings (these are known as suffixes). The children will learn how words change when you add certain letters. There are 12 different suffixes taught.

 

Assessment of Phonics

Children are assessed each term and the groups are reorganised according to progress made; some children may need to revisit some sounds and this would be one of the things taken into account in the reorganisation.

 

Early reading

We use a range of reading scheme books to support the children’s early reading including: Oxford Reading Tree, Project X, Collins Big Cat and PM books. All our reading books have been Reading Recovery levelled. This means that the books within each colour band are numbered to show the specific level. This ensures that the children have an accurate levelled reading book for their reading ability.

In Foundation Stage and Key Stage 1 children are given a bookmark which gives parents ideas for questions to discuss with their child while reading at home.  It also includes assessment points for that colour book band.

Files to Download

Contact the School

Hollinhey Primary School

Bell Avenue, Sutton
Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK11 0EE

Contact for queries: Angela Williams, Admin Assistant

Tel: 01625 383247
admin@hollinhey.cheshire.sch.uk

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